ST 6 AN EVIDENCE-BASED INTEGRATIVE MAPPING TECHNIQUE FOR GUIDING SOCIALLY-RESPONSIVE URBAN DESIGN PROPOSALS
ResumoThe role that design has to play in the generation of popular urban open spaces has been an important topic in theory, teaching and practice of urban design, as reflected in the large amount of literature on public urban open spaces. However, despite the accumulated body of knowledge in the field, the contemporary urban condition raises issues regarding the effectiveness of some design proposals in contributing towards the generation of well-loved and well-used public urban open spaces. Even though human-environment inter-relationships are necessarily multifaceted, most of the theory, teaching and practice of urban design have focused on the visual aspects of open spaces, an emphasis which has led practitioners to over-emphasize the appearance of their creations. Recently this ocularcentrism has been highly criticized (Bentley et al., 1985; Carmona et al., 2010; Landry, 2006; Lynch, 1971; Malnar et al., 2004; Pallasma, 2005; Shaftoe, 2008; Taylor, 2009) as well as design solutions based exclusively on the practitioners’ own preferences and intuitions (Bentley et al., 1985; Gehl, 2010; Rapoport, 2005; Ward Thompson, 2010).